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Precis Future Med > Epub ahead of print
DOI: https://doi.org/10.23838/pfm.2021.00037    [Epub ahead of print]
Published online June 15, 2021.
The association between alcohol use and suicide attempt in employees
Won Young Choo1  , Ung Lee1  , Jae-Hyun Park2  , Young-Chul Shin1,3  , Mikyung Sim3  , Kang-Seob Oh1  , Dong-Won Shin1  , Sang-Won Jeon1,3  , Min-Kyoung Kim4  , Sung Joon Cho1,3 
1Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
3Workplace Mental Health Institute, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
4Department of Psychiatry, CHA Ilsan Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence  Sung Joon Cho ,Tel: +82-2-2001-2214, Email: sjcho0812@hanmail.net
Submitted: March 5, 2021  Accepted after revision: May 4, 2021
Abstract
Purpose
This study aimed to analyze the alcohol use patterns that may influence suicide attempt in employees who have suicidal ideation.
Methods
The 15,199 participants were classified into three groups according to suicide risk severity. Participant scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Korea (AUDIT-K), subscale for drinking amount/frequency (AUDIT-C, items 1–3), subscale for dependence/related problems (AUDIT-D/P, items 4–10), and other sociodemographic and psychiatric scales were analyzed between the groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the chi-square test, followed by post hoc analysis using the Bonferroni correction.
Results
A statistically significant difference between all three groups was observed for AUDIT-D/P scores after post hoc analysis (P < 0.001), indicating an increasing trend for greater suicide risk. This trend was present in both sexes and across all age groups above 30 years old.
Conclusion
Alcohol dependence/related problems are significantly associated with suicide attempt among employees. Assessing and preventing suicide risk according to these issues may minimize socioeconomic losses due to suicide.
Keywords: Alcohols; Employee; Suicide


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